When you have Diabetes, you will find that your blood glucose level is very high and needs treatment immediately.
Diabetes occurs when people have too much glucose (sugar) in their blood; this is usually because of a poor diet and weight.
Glucose is what gives us our energy so it is needed, but too much can be dangerous and life-changing.
According to The Diabetes Research Institute, worldwide, it afflicts more than 422 million people.
Our body releases insulin to help the glucose enter our blood to then enter our cells. If you have diabetes, this system does not work meaning your pancreas no longer senses when glucose has entered your bloodstream and has not released the right amount of insulin.
Diabetes is a serious, lifelong condition that comes in two forms:
Type 1 - When you have this form, it means that your body can’t make any insulin at all. People with Type 1 diabetes are given insulin regularly to maintain their levels. The amount of insulin prescribed is based on food intake, exercise, stress, emotions and general health.
Type 2 - When you have this form, your body either can’t produce enough insulin or it doesn’t work effectively. According to the NHS, this is far more common than type 1. In the UK, around 90% of all adults with diabetes have type 2. Although your body may not effectively produce insulin, suffers will not be dependent on insulin. Instead, treatment will focus on their diet and exercise.
After having diabetes for a long period of time, it can start to have an effect on your body. Those who continue to have high glucose levels in their blood may experience damage to their:
If your pancreas produces little or no insulin, even when your body can’t use it, alternate hormones are used to turn fat into energy. This can be dangerous for your body as it means that high levels of toxic chemicals are now in your body.
These can include:
Diabetes can have several significant effects on the eyes, collectively known as diabetic eye disease. These conditions primarily result from changes in the blood vessels of the retina, which is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The main eye complications associated with diabetes include:
This is the most common eye condition associated with diabetes. It occurs when high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels in the retina. There are two main types:
This condition is a consequence of diabetic retinopathy, where fluid accumulates in the macula, the central part of the retina responsible for sharp vision. It can lead to blurred or distorted vision.
People with diabetes are at higher risk of developing cataracts at an earlier age. A cataract is a clouding of the eye's natural lens, which affects vision.
Diabetes can increase the risk of glaucoma, a condition characterised by increased pressure within the eye. Over time, this pressure can damage the optic nerve and lead to vision loss.
Fluctuating blood sugar levels can cause temporary changes in vision. This can often be improved by getting blood sugar levels under control.
High blood sugar levels can affect the muscles controlling eye movement, leading to double vision.
Diabetes can lead to a reduction in the production of tears, causing dryness and discomfort in the eyes.
Diabetes may affect the cornea, the clear front part of the eye. This can lead to problems like corneal erosions or decreased sensitivity.
In severe cases, abnormal blood vessels in the retina can lead to scarring, which may cause the retina to detach from the back of the eye.
It's important for individuals with diabetes to have regular eye examinations. Early detection and treatment of diabetic eye conditions can significantly reduce the risk of severe vision loss. Maintaining good blood sugar control, managing blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and adopting a healthy lifestyle are all crucial steps in preventing or managing diabetic eye disease. If you have diabetes, consult with your healthcare provider for personalised advice and care.
If someone experiences an emergency related to diabetes or an associated eye condition, it's crucial to act promptly. Here are the steps they should take:
Remember, in any emergency, it's better to be on the side of caution. Seeking prompt medical attention can often make a significant difference in the outcome.
As soon as you are diagnosed with diabetes, you should take steps to educate yourself about the disease and find out what you can do to control it.
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you will need to start eating healthier and increase your levels of exercise.
Additionally, diabetics should be carrying out regular blood tests to ensure that their glucose levels are staying balanced and are not accelerating.
According to Healthy Line, foods to consider are:
If you take care and start controlling your diabetes, you will find that you will have more energy, be less tired and thirsty, have fewer skin or bladder infections and generally heal better.
The better you control your blood sugar levels, the less likely you are to develop serious conditions, most importantly in the early stages of your diagnosis.
Living with diabetes comes with its unique set of challenges, especially when it comes to your eyesight. At My-iClinic, we're dedicated to providing comprehensive, specialised care to help you maintain optimal eye health and visual clarity.
Comprehensive Eye Examinations: Our experienced team of ophthalmologists specialises in diabetes-related eye conditions. We offer thorough eye exams to detect issues early, so you can take proactive steps to protect your vision.
State-of-the-Art Technology: My-iClinic is equipped with cutting-edge diagnostic tools and equipment to provide you with accurate assessments and personalised treatment plans.
Telemedicine Options: We understand that convenience matters. Access our expert care from the comfort of your home through telemedicine consultations, ensuring you receive timely guidance and support.
Diabetes Management: Our holistic approach includes not only eye care but also diabetes management. We work closely with your healthcare team to ensure your overall health is optimised.
Patient-Centered Care: Your well-being is our top priority. We take the time to listen, educate, and empower you to make informed decisions about your eye health.
Get Started Today: Don't wait until eye problems worsen. Take control of your vision and diabetes management with My-iClinic.
Your eyes are precious, and they deserve the best care possible. Let My-iClinic be your partner in the fight against diabetes-related eye issues. Together, we can safeguard your vision for a brighter and healthier future.